Each year in Canada 1 in 100 babies born are affected by FASD (PHAC, 2006).
FASD surpasses the prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorders. A recent study completed by Popova et al. of school age children in the Greater Toronto Area found prevalence rates of between 1.8-2.9 percent of the population.
Early diagnosis, a supportive environment and a range of special supports and services are needed in order to give people with FASD, their families/caregivers and their communities the best prospects for improving outcomes and maximizing potential (PHAC,2006). However, diagnosis and support does not occur for most children. Diagnosis is difficult to obtain and for this reason prevalence rates are difficult to calculate. However, new, emerging research is beginning to surface.
The Canada FASD Research Network has developed a film that is titled "The Dollars and Sense of Determining FASD Prevalence in Canada".
Dr. Philip May and colleagues recently completed a study that selected results from a number of in-school studies in South Africa, Italy, and the United States. Dr. May estimates that all levels of FASD may be as high as 2-5% of the population in the United States and some Western European countries (May, P. et al. 2009).
We thank NO FAS for the use of the following You Tube Video where Dr. May explains the outcome of the study. Permission granted February 2012.