Routine and Consistency
- Children with FASD have permanent brain damage. This can cause them to have trouble learning and remembering new things, or understanding actions that have consequences.
- Even minor changes can be very difficult to cope with for children with FASD.
- Structure helps ease the stress created by constant change.
- A consistent routine can help your child learn independence and life skills.
- Create routines: Routines help a child know what comes next in the day. Try hard to stick to the same routines.
- Give advance warning: Tell your child ahead of time if a routine has to change. Giving advance notice before switching from one activity to another can help ease transitions.
- Break tasks into small steps: A long list of things to do can be confusing, so break things down into simple, easy to follow steps.
- Use visual aids and verbal prompts for reminders of routines: Your child will need many reminders of each routine.
- Review your routines with schedule picture cards or a checklist. Laminated picture cards (such as the ones found here) or items on a list for each step in a task can help a child to learn and remember a routine. For example: A visual chart in the bathroom could include pictures of flushing toilet, washing hands, brushing teeth, flossing, and brushing hair.
For a printable tip sheet of this information, click here.