Routine and Consistency
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Routine and Consistency

FASD Behaviours

  • Children with FASD have permanent brain damage. This can cause them to have trouble learning and remembering new things, or understanding actions that have consequences.
  • Even minor changes can be very difficult to cope with for children with FASD.
  • Structure helps ease the stress created by constant change.
  • A consistent routine can help your child learn independence and life skills.


  • Create routines: Routines help a child know what comes next in the day. Try hard to stick to the same routines.
  • Give advance warning: Tell your child ahead of time if a routine has to change. Giving advance notice before switching from one activity to another can help ease transitions.
  • Break tasks into small steps: A long list of things to do can be confusing, so break things down into simple, easy to follow steps.
  • Use visual aids and verbal prompts for reminders of routines: Your child will need many reminders of each routine.
  • Review your routines with schedule picture cards or a checklist. Laminated picture cards (such as the ones found here) or items on a list for each step in a task can help a child to learn and remember a routine. For example: A visual chart in the bathroom could include pictures of flushing toilet, washing hands, brushing teeth, flossing, and brushing hair.

For a printable tip sheet of this information, click here.

Developmental Resource Centre Waterloo RegionSunbeam Centre